What Are the Different Types of HVAC Systems?
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What Are the Different Types of HVAC Systems?

What do you know about your HVAC system? If you’re like most people, this may seem like a strange question. It keeps your building at a comfortable temperature. 

There’s more to HVAC systems than comfort, though. HVAC systems come in varying degrees of efficiency and scale. The HVAC system for your house, for instance, won’t work for a ten-floor corporate building. 

If you’re looking for the right HVAC system for your setting, whether it’s for your business or your home, then you’ve come to the right place! We want to give you the best heating and cooling possible for your needs.

To help you attain this heating and cooling, we’re going to break down the four types of HVAC systems. With this knowledge, you can decide what system is best for you! Let’s get started.

Types of HVAC Systems:

1. Heating and Cooling Split Systems

Of all the HVAC systems, these are the most common. This system splits into two primary units, one for heating and the other for cooling. This is most likely the system you have in your home.

Split systems have systems for both indoor and outdoor positions. The cooling system is outside and uses refrigerants, coils, and compressors to cool your air. Meanwhile, a fan blows out the hot air and dispels it from the system.

Usually, you run this system during the summer. However, depending on your home climate, your cooling system may see much more year-round usage. 

Completing the split system is your heating system, usually kept inside in a place like an attic or basement. This system uses natural gas to heat the house, dispersing the air through a fan or evaporator.

As you likely know, you manage these systems through a traditional thermostat. Generally, you can complement these systems with air purifiers or dehumidifiers to keep your home at a comfortable temperature, regardless of climate. 

A reoccurring problem for many households is the lack of maintenance they give to their HVAC system. Like any other system, these require regular maintenance to remain efficient.

One of the easiest things you can do to maintain your system is to change your air filter regularly. When your air filter gets dirty and piles up contaminants, it causes your HVAC system to run poorly and can lead to an early breakdown. 

When you need to replace your air filter, it’s worth investing in the best air filter on the market. That’s where AIRx Filters come in!

2. Hybrid Split Systems

This system is remarkably similar to the above split system but features the added advantage of blending electric heating and cooling with gas-powered systems. 

A hybrid HVAC system uses all the same components as a regular split system, such as air ducts and traditional thermostats. However, electric heating and cooling is a slower process than gas power.

Furthermore, electric power is a little less intense than its gas counterpart. If you live in a milder climate, electric power may prove more comfortable than gas-powered heating and cooling.

For example, if you live in the American South, where temperatures don’t get as cold as they do in the north, electric heating won’t leave you sweating in your warm clothes. 

However, in the same region, temperatures often hit extreme highs in the summer. During this time of year, you can switch to gas-powered cooling to more thoroughly cool your home.

The beauty of this system is the amount of control it gives you as the owner.

3. Ductless (Mini Split) Systems

Unlike the hybrid and regular split systems, which both use air ducts, this system essentially installs an HVAC unit in each individual room of a building. 

This system is costly if you’re using it for several rooms throughout a building, but it benefits different settings.

For instance, this HVAC system is an excellent choice for places like university dorm rooms or hotels, which provide habitation for several people at a time.

Instead of regulating a single thermostat for all those people, each room can have its regulated temperature.

Ductless systems are also advantageous to certain quarters of the home. For example, maybe you use your garage as a home office or a gym. If that’s the case, a duct-free system can help regulate its temperature.

In the long run, ductless systems also cut down on energy costs. Let’s go back to the hotel example. With a regular split system, you’d expend incredible amounts of energy and money maintaining consistent temperatures throughout the whole hotel.

With duct-free systems, though, you can cut off the HVAC system in any vacant room. This way, you can save money by not cooling or heating all the rooms in the building.

4. Packaged Heating and Air Systems

These are the rarest and most niche systems in the business. It includes everything a split system would have, such as compressors, condensers, and evaporators in a single system. 

As such, it becomes responsible for both heating and cooling the house. These systems generally work best in warmer climates since their heating capabilities are a bit reduced.

Though rarer than the other systems, they can serve as the ideal HVAC system for certain circumstances. These systems often go inside the house, so if outdoor systems aren’t an option for you, these will serve you well. 

Because they don’t split their resources between two systems, they can also conserve energy in ways a split system can’t. 

The Next Step

Now that you know about all four types of HVAC systems, you’re in a better position to determine which is best for you and maybe you learned a little bit about your current system. If you run a lodging service, you may find duct-free systems work best. For your home, you may consider a hybrid system. 

Whatever the case, it’s imperative you maintain the HVAC system you purchase, and the most straightforward way to do so is to regularly change your air filters. If you’re looking for affordable, American-made filters we have just the thing for you!

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