The last thing you want to hear is that your tap water is unsafe. You may be among the doubters in the debate about contamination in drinking water, but we have all seen the news on the damaging effects of impure drinking water in several U.S. cities. The contaminants that are eliminated by purifying water filters depends on the kind you’re using, but their benefits are very beneficial.
As water travels through our world, it picks up pollutants and contaminants along the way from the natural world. Unfiltered water can contain minerals, chemicals, bacteria, and other microscopic organisms that can cause a bad taste or possibly even a disease.
Let’s dive into the details of what your purifying water filter is removing.
Is Tap Water Safe?
The answer to this relies on many factors. Where you live and where the water comes from are essential parts of the puzzle. Even if your water passes through a water treatment process, it is exposed to chemicals, minerals, and bacteria before it reaches your faucet. Unfiltered water, depending on the source, is usually safe to drink.
Water quality is constantly going through many changes due to changing climate conditions. The changes in our seasons and temperatures bring more intense storms and flooding. Contaminants from sewage and animal waste get washed into water sources as a result of this severe precipitation and floods.
Purifying water filters can help remove these contaminants, ensuring your drinking water is clean and also safe. So, what do these filters actually get rid of from your water? Here’s a list of 7 things they remove.
As far as contaminants in water are concerned, chlorine is #1. While it is used to purify water and eliminate microorganisms as well as other waterborne pathogens, it has several harmful effects as well as an offputting smell and taste.
Benzene is a volatile organic compound. It is a clear and odorless liquid that is classed as a hydrocarbon. Some of the health risks include temporary nervous system disorders, immune system depression, and anemia, even when exposed at low levels.
Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas. Everyone gets exposed to radon in indoor and outdoor air, but the effects depend on the level of exposure. Likewise, swallowing it in water can also pose health risks. The significant danger being the risk of lung cancer when radon is released from the water and breathed in.
Trihalomethanes or THMS are formed when chlorine (or other disinfectants) that are used to control microbial contaminants in drinking water react to other substances in water.
The chemicals that develop as by-products are chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform. At elevated levels, THMs are related to health risks, like cancer, and can cause adverse reproductive outcomes.
There are many potential dangers caused by microplastics. They come from the particles, chemicals, and microorganisms that stick to plastic materials. Microbes are the most significant threat to fresh drinking water.
For example, studies show that 485,000 deaths in 2016 were caused by drinking water contaminated with bacteria.
Salmonella, E. coli, and cholera are some of the more dangerous bacteria found in tap water. As we well know, they come with serious health risks. For example, the presence of E. coli and fecal coliform are commonly seen in water contaminated by human or animal wastes.
Their presence leads to the risk of short-term health problems. These issues can include: cramps, nausea, diarrhea, headaches, and more. They may also pose a higher risk for people with weakened immune systems, like the elderly, young children, and infants.
Lead primarily enters drinking water when metal plumbing orifices, like pipes, that contain lead begin to rust. Young children, infants, and fetuses are especially sensitive to lead. Low levels of exposure in children have been linked to impairment of the central and peripheral nervous system.
This exposure results in learning disabilities, height deficiencies, impaired hearing, and impaired formation and function of blood cells. Purifying water filters can end these eminent dangers of lead and other contaminants lurking in our drinking water.
Water filters can be helpful in removing a broad range of pollutants from drinking water mainly due to the combination of physical and chemical filtration processes that they use. An active filter neutralizes the pollutant in some way, and then it physically filters it out of the water. Using these methods, you can get rid of almost every contaminant from your water.
Carbon filters work very well due to the amount of surface area in them. Did you know that one pound of carbon has an outer area of nearly 125 acres? Thereby it allows the carbon to physically absorb a large volume of chemicals and substances that pose grave risks to the standard residential water supply.
Carbon filters remove many harmful toxins from our water, including chlorine, benzene, radon, solvents trihalomethane compounds, volatile organic chemicals such as pesticides and herbicides, and hundreds of other human-made substances. Besides, these filters improve the quality of the water by removing disagreeable tastes and odors.
How Do We Know Our Drinking Water Is Safe?
We are lucky that we live in a place where drinking water is supplied directly to the faucets in our homes and available whenever we want it. Although this a great benefit, the water found in the residences in many U.S. cities isn’t as safe as we imagine. Dangerous chemicals that are discovered lurking in some drinking water supplies are carcinogenic.
Polluted water supplies impact cities across the country and local news stories reflect the severity of these problems. The question is, what can be done? One option is to test your water, and water test kits let you find out exactly what’s in your water and if you need a more advanced filtration system.
The best solution is to filter your water. Many experts recommend Reverse Osmosis filtration systems as beneficial because it provides the most effective filtering process. They use pressure to push water through a membrane giving you fresh, clean drinking water.
The most reliable way to overcome your risk of exposure to waterborne substances and other harmful elements is by placing water filters on your faucets, shower, refrigerator, and icemaker. Alternatively, an inline filter can be used to protect your entire house.
As you think about testing and protecting your water quality, explore our numerous water filtration options as affordable solutions to these problems that we all face.